Academics

Junior College

ACADEMICS

Sophia Junior College was started in 1977. We offer two broad streams of study: Arts and Science, at the Higher Secondary stage of education i.e. Standard XI (i.e. First Year Junior College) and Standard XII (i.e. Second Year Junior College).

In the Higher Secondary Certificate of the Maharashtra State Board for Secondary & Higher Secondary Education, the following subjects are compulsory:

  1. Environment Education and Water Security
  2. Health & Physical Education
  3. First language: English
  4. Second language: HindiorFrench*^

*French may be taken by any student. (Previous study of French isnotrequired as the subject is taught at a beginner’s level.)

Instead of Second Language, you may apply for INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (I.T.). However, please note that this is a self-financed subject (i.e. unaided course). Selection of students for I.T. is strictly based on academic merit. At present there are only 30 seats available for Arts and Science streams, respectively. [Unaided subjects attract a separate fee for the subject, per year, as they are self-financed subjects on offer i.e. there is no government aid.]

Note:
If you would like us to consider your application for I.T., please mention this on your Admission Form. (Those who choose either Banking or Office Management, cannot opt for I.T. as a subject, as per HSC Board Rules. All I.T. applicants must indicate their 2ndlanguage preference, just in case they don’t get selected for I.T.)

In addition to the four compulsory subjects stated above, subjects available in each stream – Arts, Vocational and Science, are as follows:

ARTS STREAM

We have 2 kinds of subjects: Vocational subjects (Banking and Office Management) and Arts subjects (Economics, History, Logic, Philosophy, Political Science, Psychology, and Sociology).

The Junior College Admission Form will provide a list of several subjects that are offered in Sophia Jr. College. Some basic information about Arts subjects that you may be unfamiliar with are given below:

Economicshelps you to know the importance of economic growth and development. You will get an idea of challenges before the economy, information about new economic policies, infrastructural development, and some very basic statistical methods.

Logic:One of the important, defining characteristic of human beings is our rationality; that is, our capacity to think consistently and to draw conclusions from available information. This human capacity is called reasoning. Logic deals with reasoning. It focuses mainly on the methods and principles used to distinguish correct from incorrect reasoning. (i.e. Rules of Reasoning). The study of which will sharpen your intelligence. It will enrich your power of reasoning and develop the ability of critical thinking which is so vital today.

Political Scienceinvolves a study of political theory i.e. concepts like liberty, equality, justice; political institutions like State, government, nation; World political events and organizations. The Indian political system is also studied.

Philosophystarts with wonder about the world, life and ourselves. It arises from an inquisitiveness of the mind. It studies human life, along with the fundamental principles of right and wrong, good and bad, assumptions of moral ideals etc. It deals with questions like, what is the meaning of life. Does God exist? What is Truth? What are the criteria of truth? Etc. Dealing with such exciting questions of philosophy will increase our understanding of such issues. Learners will acquire the skills such as - general problem solving, communication skills, persuasive powers, ability to conceptualize and ability to anticipate problems and solutions. It will develop their ability to critically analyze the facts and think logically. The study of philosophy will enhance your ability to organize ideas and asses pros and cons. The subject of philosophy has immense potential to change your attitude and approach to life, which in turn could help shape and guide your life.

Psychologyis a scientific way to understand our own behavior as well as the behavior of other people. Topics like learning, memory, communication, intelligence, personality and many more are included in this course. Mental health issues, psychological disorders, coping strategies and uses of psychology in daily life are included. Those passionate about the subject may study it further to become trained psychologists, many of whom work in hospitals (as clinical psychologists) and educational institutions or counselling centers.

Sociology Should we be concerned about the natural habitat around us? Is marriage a social obligation? Why is there an increase in single-parent households? What is the significance of tribal culture? Can women become priests? Do the terms ‘gender’ and ‘sex’ mean the same? Why do some people resist change? What does the term ‘transgender’ mean? Are more people becoming agnostic or atheist? Can science have an effect on critical thinking about social issues? What is home-schooling? Such topics lie within the scope of Sociology – the science of society. The subject will encourage you to think critically about what humans believe in, say and do.

SCIENCE STREAM
Compulsory Science Subjects:Physics / Chemistry / Biology / Mathematics*
(*In Standard XII, students may opt for Economics, Psychology or Sociology, in lieu of Mathematics.)

VOCATIONAL STREAM

Compulsory Subjects: Economics and Sociology

Optional Vocational Subjects: (Choose any one subject; each subject has 2 papers)
Banking OR Office Management

Banking: The aim of this course is to build basic skills like operation of bank accounts, understanding modern payments methods; understanding obligations of banks with regard to loans and advances. Skills in book-keeping and accountancy are introduced, for which only basic mathematical rule of BODMAS is required.

Office Management as a subject will help you acquire information about skills related to 21stcentury management and problem solving. Leadership, Team building, developing professional skills (logical, ethical, emotional), principles of management are covered. Basic book-keeping and accountancy is taught. You only need to have the knowledge of BODMAS for this purpose.

(Note: Students who have taken General Mathematics in SSC, cannot choose a Vocational subject.)