Junior College


About the Subject

The study of Sociology is a scientific understanding of human social life, relationships and behaviour. Its emergence in the 19th century was in response to understand changes that emerged against the backdrop of the various revolutions – Commercial, French, Scientific and Industrial. Today, we are confronted with changes due to ongoing processes such as urbanization, globalization, marketization and digitalization. The subject matter of Sociology also addresses current social problems such as abuse, gender inequality, farmer suicide, unemployment, substance addiction etc.

Sociology helps learners to think imaginatively, and critically; reject preconceived ideas about social life and to understand society from varied perspectives. It encourages learners to perceive the world, its people and their cultures through a wider prism – thus develop a “sociological imagination”.

The subject has strong theoretical bases; it is linked to practical applications too. It contributes to social criticism, policy making and social reform. It not only helps to formulate policies based on research and an understanding of divergent cultural values but also investigates the consequences of such policies and programmes. Sociology includes a wide array of fields of interest and investigation such as Tribal Sociology, Sociology of Social Movements, Sociology of Change and Development, Sociology of Education, Sociology of Music, Visual Sociology, Environmental Sociology, Sociology of Gender, Sociology of Sports and so forth.

The two-year Sociology course in Junior College has two clear focus areas: Standard XI learners are introduced to Basic Sociological Concepts like society, group, culture, socialization, social stratification and social change as well as a peep into contributions of Western and Indian sociologists/thinkers like Comte, Durkheim, Marx, Ghurye, Srinivas and Iravati Karve. The Standard XII course is an introduction to Understanding Indian Society – its people, their culture, diversity, processes of change, significant social movements, and challenges.

Ivan John

MA MEd MPhil(Edu) MPhil(Soc) PhD PGDHE PGDET LTCL (Piano Performance) AMusTCL (Theoretical Music) DipABRSM (Piano Teaching) ATCL (Instrumental Teaching) LLCM(TD) PGDSLM


Ivan John has been teaching introductory papers in Sociology since 1991. He joined Sophia Junior College in June 1993. He was appointed as Member, Board of Studies (Sociology), Maharashtra State Board of Secondary & Higher Secondary Education, from 2013 to 2018. Since 2018 he has been a Member of the Board of Studies in Sociology, at ‘Balbharati’, (Maharashtra State Bureau of Textbook Production and Curriculum Research), Pune. He is also invited as Subject Expert in Sociology for the Maharashtra State Council for Education, Research and Training (SCERT), Pune.

He was visiting faculty member in the Department of Education, Sophia College (Autonomous) for seven years and continues to be on its Board of Studies.

He was awarded a PhD in Sociology by Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapeeth, Pune, in 2019 for his research on the Gay Movement in Mumbai. Presently, he is working towards a PhD in Education, with a focus on Gender Inclusivity in Education. His MPhil (Education) research was a study of ‘Stress, Burnout and Teaching Effectiveness among Higher Secondary Teachers in Mumbai’. His MPhil (Sociology) dissertation was on ‘Attitude of Youth towards Homosexuality’. He passed the SET and NET in Sociology in 1998, and NET in Education in 2012.

His research and other interests include Equality Rights, Sexual minorities, Gender Inclusion, LGBTQAI+ concerns, Human Rights, Diversity Education, Educational Evaluation, Learner-centered practices in Education and Music Theory. He has published 9 books related to Higher Secondary courses in Sociology and Environmental Education, presented 8 papers, published 4 papers, conducted several workshops/webinars and is invited as panelist on Queer issues.

He coordinates a one-credit course on Gender Inclusivity, under the Department of Education, Sophia College (Autonomous).

He is also trained as a pianist; a music educator, Teacher-trainer and resource person for Music Theory. He enters candidates for external Graded Examinations in Pianoforte, Electronic Keyboard, Practical Musicianship and Theory of Music of Trinity College London, The Associated Board of the Royal Schools of Music, London, and London College of Music.

At Sophia College, he continues to be associated with two dynamic clubs - World Music and Dance Club (WMDC) and Students’ Social Reform Initiative (SSRI), as Staff advisor.

Ms. Rochelle Pereira



Her area of interest includes Special Education, Women's Education, Christian Faith practices. She has done a Basic course in Counselling. She likes travelling and studying various cultural practices around the world. She has been on the Committee for reviewing the Standard 12 Sociology Textbook